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汇丰平台主页_中考必备干货之专项复习(三)介词专讲专练

 2020/01/11 12:45:48   浏览次数:4391

汇丰平台主页_中考必备干货之专项复习(三)介词专讲专练

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1小时突破音标重难点

考点一:时间介词

1. at, on, in

at 常用在具体的钟点之前;on 常用在星期、具体的日期以及某天的上午、下午、晚上前;in 常用在年、月、季节或泛指的上午、下午、晚上前。

2. in, after

in和after都可表示“在一段时间以后”,但in常与一般将来时连用,而after常与一般过去时连用。

3. until, till

可构成not ... until / till句型,此时句中动词为短暂性动词。若until / till用在肯定句中,句中动词为延续性动词。

4. for, since

for后跟时间段,since后跟时间点,均可与现在完成时连用。

【考例链接】

( )1. her birthday is ______ winter, the most beautiful season in a year.

a. in b. at c. on

(2016湖南株洲)

( )2. some people are used to getting up late ______ a cold morning.

a. on b. in

c. at d. of

(2016辽宁丹东)

( )3. teachers' day is ______ september 10.

a. in b. on c. at

(2016四川成都)

( )4. the 31st olympic games will take place ______ august, 2016.

a. in b. on c. at

(2016海南)

( )5. —you've been here ______ a month. don't you miss your parents?

—yes, i plan to come back home ______ a month.

a. in; in b. for; in

c. for; after d. after; after

(2016湖北荆门)

考点二:方位介词

1. at, in, from

at和in指在某处。at 后通常接相对较小的地点;in 后通常接相对较大的地点。from指来自某处。

2. in, on, to, off

in, on和to常用于表示两个地方的位置关系。in表示在某一范围内部;on表示接壤;to表示不在范围内,即二者之间有距离间隔,也不接壤。off通常表示两地的距离。

3. across, through

across 和through 都有“从一边到另一边”的意思。across 主要指“(从某物的表面上)横过”;through主要指“(从某物的空间内)穿过”。

4. between, among, of

between 表示“在两者之间”,可构成between ... and短语。among表示“在三者或三者以上之间;……之一”;of表示范围,“在……中”。

5. above, over, on & below, under & against

above 表示“在……上方;在……之上”,不一定在正上方,反义词为below;over表示“在……的上方”,强调位于物体正上方,反义词为under;on表示“在……上”,强调两个物体间有接触;against表示“倚;靠;撞”。

【考例链接】

( )1. it's so cold outside. remember to close the door ______ you when you leave.

a. beside b. before

c. with d. behind

(2016河南)

( )2. in cold winter, the temperature in harbin often remains ______ zero all day.

a. above b. below

c. over d. under

(2015 江苏苏州)

( )3. ______ all the students, the two boys wrote the article best.

a. with b. for

c. of d. from

(2016四川内江)

( )4. please e-mail me ______ sdshzs666@163.com if you have any questions.

a. on b. at c. to

(2016山东菏泽)

( )5. ben was helping his mother when the rain began to beat heavily ______ the windows.

a. below b. across

c. behind d. against

(2015浙江杭州)

考点三:方式介词

by, through, in, with

by 和through 都表示“通过……方式 / 方法”;in表示“使用(某种语言)”;with表示“用,使用……”。

【考例链接】

( )1. last sunday, a group of pupils talked happily ______ a loud voice as they went to the countryside ______ bike.

a. by; by b. in; on c. in; by

(2016湖北恩施)

( )2. class, let's see who can spell the most words ______ these letters.

a. at b. into

c. on d. with

(2016河北)

( )3. mo yan's books are very popular. you can find they are on sale ______ many languages.

a. in b. to

c. with d. at

(2015山东聊城)

( )4. ma yun, the chairperson of alibaba group, has made much money ______ the internet.

a. through b. along

c. across d. towards

(2015江苏镇江)

( )5. you can improve your english ______ practicing more.

a. by b. with

c. of d. in

考点四:其他介词

1. including, besides, except

including 包含,包括

besides 除了……之外(还有)

except 除了……之外(不包括)

2. with, without

with 和……在一起;具有(品质、特征等);带有;随着

without 没有

3. for, against, beyond

for支持 against反对 beyond超过

注意:for还可以表示价格和目的。

4. for, to

一些动词可带双宾语,当先说直接宾语(表物)时,间接宾语(表人)前可以用for,也可以用to。有些动词与for搭配,如buy / make / sing / cook / write / draw / order / choose sth. for sb.;有些动词则与to搭配,如give / send / lend / pass / tell / show / offer / hand / throw sth. to sb.等。

5. for, of

可用于句型“it is+形容词+ for / of sb. to do sth.”中。for sb.用于引出动词不定式的逻辑主语,而of sb.则用在某些具有评价人物行为意味的形容词之后,点明形容词所涉及的对象。这类形容词有kind, nice, good, careful, careless, crazy, foolish, wise, rude, impolite, right, brave等。

【考例链接】

( )1. it is necessary ______ people to have food and water every day.

a. of b. for c. with

(2016福建泉州)

( )2. ______ journey to the west, she has also read little women.

a. besides b. but c. except

(2016黑龙江齐齐哈尔)

( )3. it was careless ______ lingling to make ______ mistakes.

a. for; a lot of b. of; a plenty of

c. for; an amount of d. of; a number of

(2016黑龙江大庆)

( )4. it's a good idea to send the old books ______ the children who need them.

a. at b. of

c. to d. by

(2016陕西)

( )5. —alice, would you like to go hiking with us?

—what a pity! i am free every day ______ today.

a. for b. except

c. besides d. among

(2016甘肃兰州)

考点五:固定搭配

介词在实际使用中常常与其他词构成固定搭配,需要大家随时积累并熟记。

【考例链接】

( )1. —we must be strict ______ ourselves.

—i think so.

a. with b. on

c. in d. by

(2016贵州铜仁)

( )2. we should be kind to the old and take care ______ them in daily life.

a. of b. for

c. with d. about

(2016山东济宁)

( )3. kobe's children are proud ______ him.

a. in b. of

c. off d. out

(2016黑龙江大庆)

( )4. i want to know what happened ______ my friend. i haven't heard ______ her recently.

a. on; of b. to; from

c. to; of d. on; from

(2016新疆乌鲁木齐)

( )5. when james arrived at the railway station, he tried to look ______ a place to park his car.

a. after b. at

c. up d. for

(2016上海)

(未完待续)

中考必备干货之专项复习(一)名词专讲专练

中考必备干货之专项复习(二)代词专讲专练

中考必备干货之专项复习(三)冠词专讲专练

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